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Giant Anemone Condylactis gigantea

Photo: Marion Haarsma


  • Faasse, M. 2016. Various invertebrate taxa of St. Eustatius. In: Marine biodiversity survey of St. Eustatius, Dutch Caribbean, 2015. 51-55. Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, and ANEMOON Foundation, Bennebroek.
  • Humann, P. 1992. Reef Creature Identification. New World Publications.
  • Korzhavina, O.A., Hoeksema, B.W., Ivanenko, V.N. 2019. A review of Caribbean Copepoda associated with reef-dwelling cnidarians, echinoderms and sponges. Contributions to Zoology. [link]
  • McBurnie, K. 2011. A comparison of cleaning stations operated by the cleaner shrimp Periclimenes pedersoni on host anemones Condylactis gigantea and Bartholomea annulata. Physis 9: 31-37.
  • Pax, F. 1924. Actiniarien, Zoantharien und Ceriantharien von Curaçao. Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde 23(1): 93-121.
  • Voss, G.L. 1976. Seashore Life of Florida and the Caribbean. 167. E.A. Seemann Publishing, Inc..
  • WoRMS. WoRMS, World Register of Marine Species. [link]

Literature references linked to higher taxa